Developmental Activities

Since beginning of 1990s CCI on its own had been undertaking developmental activities by ploughing back a part of its profits, with the main objective of improving the quality, yield and total income of the farmers. After setting up of Technology Mission on Cotton in February 2000, most of these developmental activities have come under the purview of TMC. Still, to supplement the efforts of State Agricultural Departments and other schemes of Government of India, CCI continued with few of its developmental activities as under:-

Integrated Cotton Cultivation (Contract Farming)

Apart from low yield per hectare, the quality of cotton produced in the country is comparatively more contaminated. While the interest of cotton farmers suffer due to higher cost of production and low productivity, the end user textile mills find it difficult to consume the available cotton – an admixture of varieties with higher percentage of trash and contamination.

In order to increase production and productivity of cotton thereby increasing the per hectare of the cotton farmers as also to produce quality cotton to suit the needs of the textile industry, the momentum on integrated cotton cultivation is gaining ground through linkages amongst all concerned. The farmers are expected to form associations for contract farming and textile mills and other coordinating agencies are entrusted all the extension services including various inputs and marketing support for such cotton produce. The scheme in its extended form benefit both the cotton growers through low cost of production and higher productivity and the textile mills with availability of quality cotton comparable with international standards.

To give a boost to cotton production through Contract Farming, CCI is undertaking contract farming programme in all the cotton growing States since 2002-03 and signing MoUs every year with the Farmers’ Association.

Initially during 2002-03, CCI had taken up contract farming programme in selected cotton growing State in an area of 2,996 hectares with involvement of 3,157 farmers. Over the years, area covered under contract farming has recorded an impressive increase. CCI promoted this scheme upto 2013-14.

During 2013-14 the Corporation has taken up the programme in all the cotton growing States in 50,947 hectares in association with 14,950 cotton farmers with the help of State Agricultural Universities, Krishi Vigyan Kendra etc. Details of Contract farming programme by CCI from 2006-07 to 2013-14 are as under:

Years

Area achieved   (In hectares)

Number of villages

Number of farmers

2006-07

32810

306

12882

2007-08

40043

361

11777

2008-09

46837

294

15139

2009-10

46272

208

15191

2010-11

48649

224

19847

2011-12

47246

469

16155

2012-13

48147

188

13681

2013-14

50947

120

14060

 

From Cotton Season 2014-15, CCI dropped this scheme looking to the lack of interest by mills and farmers for participating in this scheme.

Though, at present CCI is not engaged in Contract Farming of cotton, however, looking to its benefits, CCI initiated a new programme with the name of Contract farming with Front Line Demonstration (FLD) Programme as a part of its development activities during 2014-15 for betterment of yield/quality of cotton in backward areas in the State of Karnataka (under B.O. Hubli), Tamil Nadu (under B.O. Coimbatore) and West Bengal (under B.O. Kolkata). In 2015-16 also, CCI continued the same programme under its CSR activities as rural development projects in backward districts of Karnataka, Tamil Nadu and Maharashtra. This new programme was only the modified form of earlier contract farming programme with same objective i.e. to enhance the production of cotton in low productivity areas. The difference was only that in this CSR activity CCI was not involved in co-ordinating for purchase of cotton by textile mills due to their unwillingness.

Besides above, CCI has undertaken various activities under CSR for welfare of cotton farmers including rainwater harvesting through construction of check dams, promotion of mechanised harvesting of cotton by distributing hand-held kapas plucker machines to the farmers etc.

Technology Mission on Cotton

The Technology Mission on Cotton (TMC), a Government of India programme to improve the production, productivity, quality, marketing infrastructure and ginning capabilities implemented during February 2000 to December 2010.

Technology Mission on Cotton had four Mini-Missions viz, Mini-Mission-I: (Cotton Research & Technology Generation, Nodal agency: Indian Council of Agricultural Research), Mini-Mission-II (Transfer of Technology & development through demonstration and training, Nodal agency : Department of Agriculture Cooperation & Farmers welfare, Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers welfare), Mini-Mission-III: (Improvement of Market Infrastructure through development of market yards, Nodal agency : Ministry of Textiles, Implementing agency : CCI) and Mini-Mission-IV: (Modernisation/ Upgradation of G&P factories, Nodal agency : Ministry of Textiles, Implementing agency : CCI).

Achievements of Mini Mission-III & IV administered by the Ministry of Textiles through CCI: Out of 250 market yards sanctioned under MM-III, 246 market yards reported completion and out of 1011 Ginning and Pressing units under MM-IV 859 G&P factories reported modernized.

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