National Cotton Scenario

 

Growth of Indian Cotton

Area Production and Yield:

Over the years, country has achieved significant quantitative increase in cotton production. Till 1970s, country used to import massive quantities of cotton in the range of 8.00 to 9.00 lakh bales per annum. However, after Government launched special schemes like intensive cotton production programmes through successive five-year plans, that cotton production received the necessary impetus through increase in area and sowing of Hybrid varieties around mid 70s. Since then country has become self-sufficient in cotton production barring few years in the late 90s and early 20s when large quantities of cotton had to be imported due to lower crop production and increasing cotton requirements of the domestic textile industry.

Since launch of “Technology Mission on Cotton” by Government of India in February 2000 significant achievements have been made in increasing yield and production through development of high yielding varieties, appropriate transfer of technology, better farm management practices, increased area under cultivation of Bt cotton hybrids etc. All these developments have resulted into a turnaround in cotton production in the country since last 6/7 years. The yield per hectare which was stagnant at about 300 kg/ha for so many years, jumped to 506kgs in the year 2017-18 and had reached to the level of 566 kgs per hectare in the year 2013-14. Though the per hectare yield is still lower against the world average of about 789kgs per hectare.The fundamental changes that are taking place in the realm of cotton cultivation in the country, are having the potential to take the current productivity level near to the world average in the near future.

The details regarding area, production and yield in the country for 2017-18vis-à-vis 2018-19 are given here as under:

Year

Area in lakh hectares

Production in lakh bales

Yield
kgsper hectare

2017-18*(P)

124.29

370.00

506

2018-19*(P)

122.38

361.00

501

Source: Cotton Advisory Board         P-Provisional

*As per CAB meeting 22.11.18

 

Cotton Balance Sheet:

Based on the cotton production in the country and its consumption by different segments of domestic textile industry, Cotton Balance Sheet for the current cotton season 2017-18vis-à-vis 2018-19 as drawn by Cotton Advisory Board is given hereunder:

Quantity in lakh bales of 170 kgs

Item

2018-2019(P)*

2017-2018(P)*

Supply

Opening Stock

47.12

43.76

Crop Size

361.00

370.00

Imports

15.00

15.80

Total

423.12

429.56

DemandSupply

Mill Consumption

278.00

275.91

Small Mill Consumption

27.00

27.20

Non-Mill Consumption

12.00

11.50

Total Consumption

317.00

314.61

Exports

65.00

67.83

Total Demand

382.00

382.44

Carry Forward

41.12

47.12

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