National Cotton Scenario

  • Growth of Indian Cotton
    • Area, production and Yields
    • Cotton balance sheet
  • India's share in World

 

Growth of Indian Cotton

Area Production and Yield:

 

Over the years, country has achieved significant quantitative increase in cotton production. Till 1970s, country used to import massive quantities of cotton in the range of 8.00 to 9.00 lakh bales per annum. However, after Government launched special schemes like intensive cotton production programmes through successive five-year plans, that cotton production received the necessary impetus through increase in area and sowing of Hybrid varieties around mid70s. Since then country has become self-sufficient in cotton production barring few years in the late 90s and early 20s when large quantities of cotton had to be imported due to lower crop production and increasing cotton requirements of the domestic textile industry.

Since launch of Technology Mission on Cotton by Government of India in February 2000 significant achievements have been made in increasing yield and production through development of high yielding varieties, appropriate transfer of technology, better farm management practices, increased area under cultivation of Bt cotton hybrids etc. All these developments have resulted into a turnaround in cotton production in the country since last 7 to 8 years. The yield per hectare which was stagnant at about 300 kg/ha for so many years, jumped to 506 kgs in the year 2017-18 and had reached to the level of 566 kgs per hectare in the year 2013-14. Though the per hectare yield is still lower against the world average of about 762 kgs per hectare, the fundamental changes that are taking place in the realm of cotton cultivation in the country, are having the potential to take the current productivity level near to the world average in the near future.

The details regarding area, production and yield in the country for 2018-19, 2019-20 and 2020-21 are given here as under:

Year

Area in lakh hectares

Production in lakh bales

Yield kgs per hectare

2018-19

126.14

333.00

448.79

2019-20*(P)

133.73

365.00

463.99

2020-21*(P)

129.57

371.00

486.76

*As estimated by Committee on Cotton Production and Consumption (COCPC) in its meeting held on 25.01.2021, P-Provisional

 

Cotton Balance Sheet:

Based on the cotton production in the country and its consumption by different segments of domestic textile industry, Cotton Balance Sheet for the current cotton season for 2018-19, 2019-20 and 2020-21 as drawn by Committee on Cotton Production and Consumption is given hereunder:

Quantity in lakh bales of 170 kgs

Particulars

2020-21 (P)*

2019-2020 (P)*

2018-2019

Supply

Opening Stock

120.95

56.52

42.91

Crop Size

371.00

365.00

333.00

Imports

11.00

15.50

35.37

Total Supply

502.95

437.02

411.28

Demand

Mill Consumption

286.00

233.70

270.78

Small Mill Consumption

26.00

20.33

22.43

Non-Mill Consumption

18.00

15.00

18.00

Total Consumption

330.00

269.03

311.21

Exports

75.00

47.04

43.55

Total Demand

405.00

316.07

354.76

Closing Stock

97.95

120.95

56.52

* As estimated by Committee on Cotton Production and Consumption (COCPC) in its meeting held on 25.01.2021, P-Provisional

 

 

India's Share in World:

 

 

Area:

India has the distinction of having the largest area under cotton cultivation which is about 41% of the world area under cotton cultivation between 12.5 million hectares to 13.0 million hectares.

Quantity in lakh bales of 170 kgs

Crop Year 2020-21 (P)*

World

India

Area in Million Hectares

31.36

12.96

Source: 

ICAC journal “ Cotton this Month”

Committee on Cotton Production and Consumption (COCPC) meeting held on 25.01.2021, P-Provisional

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Production:

India is one of the largest producer of cotton in the world accounting for about 26% of the world cotton production. The yield per kgs hectare which is presently 487 kgs/ha is still lower against the world average yield of about 768 Kgs kgs /ha.

Crop Year 2020-21 (P)*

World

India

Production in Million MT

24.09

6.30

Source: 

ICAC journal “ Cotton this Month”

Committee on Cotton Production and Consumption (COCPC) meeting held on 25.01.2021, P-Provisional

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Consumption:

The domestic textile industry is one of the largest industry in the country and has witnessed a phenomenal growth in the last two decades in terms of installed spindlage and yarn production. The significant features of this growth include installation of open-end rotors and setting up of export-oriented units. Technology-wise, Indian spinning industry has been able to keep pace with the international technology trends. India has become one of the largest consumer of cotton i.e, about 23% of World Cotton Consumption.

Crop Year 2019-20(P)*

World

India

Consumption in Million MT

24.09

5.61

Source: 

ICAC journal “ Cotton this Month”

Committee on Cotton Production and Consumption (COCPC) meeting held on 25.01.2021, P-Provisional

 

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